Somali pirates have recently seen a resurgence in activity despite a lull for several years.

On Tuesday, these pirates hijacked a Bangladeshi ship and took 23 sailors hostage.

Analysts believe that they are making headway again in the Gulf of Aden in the Indian Ocean, with the opportunity for international forces to be more busy with the Houthis in the Red Sea.

Behind the rise

Somalia was born in 1960 after breaking out of Italian colonial control.After the overthrow of the military regime in 1991, the country fell into anarchy.For more than two decades, war-torn Somalia had no effective government.

At this time, the country with the longest coastline in Africa had no coast guard or force to protect its waters.

As a result, the presence of foreign fishing boats in this region is gradually increasing. The local fishermen were suffering. As a result, they turned to banditry.

Somalia pirates
Somalia pirates

A recent statement by the Indian Ocean Commission has also seen this as the reason behind the piracy of that time.

Moreover, the income from piracy is many times higher than from fishing.

However, fed up with their violence for a few years, the European Union, United States, India and other related countries increased their military presence on that route.As a result, by the year 2012, banditry came to a standstill.

European naval operations commander Rear Admiral Duncan Potts told the BBC at the time that they had effectively broken the ‘business model’ of piracy.

Recent Attacks

But in the past few months, the activity of Somali pirates has increased.The European Union Navy or EUNAV for Atalanta provides maritime security along the coast of East Africa.

According to them, at least 14 ships were hijacked off the coast of Somalia in the three months from November last year to January this year.

Among them, the fishermen and sailors of an Iranian-flagged fishing boat and a Liberian-flagged Central Park were rescued.

The US Navy was involved in the Central Park rescue operation. They later said it was clearly banditry and the attackers were probably Somalis.In December, a Maltese-flagged vessel, the MV Rouen, was hijacked.

Control of the ship is still in the hands of the attackers. 17 crew members are held hostage.

According to the International Maritime Bureau-IMB, it was the first successful hijacking in Somalia in six years.

IMB is an influential non-profit organization dedicated to combating maritime crime.

Somalia attack
Bangladeshi ship MV Abdullah captured by pirates

In January, the Indian Navy launched a massive operation.

They managed to free 19 hostages in three operations in one week. Among them, 11 are Iranian nationals and the rest are Pakistanis.

“All of them were captured by Somali bandits,” Indian forces said.

According to the report of the BBC’s reality check team, only in 2018, there were 112 cases of maritime robbery in East African waters.The latest victim of which is Bangladesh flag ship MV Abdullah. Pirates took control of the ship with 23 crew on Tuesday en route from the African country of Mozambique to Dubai with coal.